National Geographic : 1955 Sep
pilgrims move to an altar set up between the two best preserved parts of the ruin. Bishops, priests, and worshipers, mainly from southern and western England, took part in the cere mony (page 332). According to legend, Glastonbury was the Avilion or Avalon to which the Lady of the Lake and her black-robed queens bore the dying King Arthur. In very early days, excavators discovered graves believed to be those of King Arthur and his queen. From Sir Thomas Malory's book, Morte d'Arthur, Tennyson took material for his Idylls of the King. The Cup supposedly buried at Glastonbury by Joseph of Arimathea was of course the Holy Grail sought by the Knights of the Round Table. Only Galahad actually saw the glorious symbol; Lancelot, most powerful of all the warriors, merely glimpsed it from afar. In the old Georgian city of Bath we found more literary associations than in any other place in England, London alone excepted. A few doors from our hotel stood one of two Bath homes where Jane Austen lived while finishing her novel, Northanger Abbey. Guided by vivacious William J. Williams, we toured the city from the Roman baths at the bottom of its cuplike location to the heights of its rimming hills. Horace Walpole, the "man of letters," who stayed for a time 349 in Chapel Court, complained of Bath that "In getting out of one's lodgings, one runs one's nose against a hill." We found his statement no less apt today. In Bath, Sheridan wooed and won lovely Elizabeth Ann Linley, who was singing in the theater. He used some scenes observed in the Grand Pump Room for his School for Scandal, and North Parade, across the way, was a setting of The Rivals. The artist Gains borough, who painted Mrs. Sheridan a num ber of times, also lived in Bath for many years. Fielding Immortalized a Friend Ralph Allen and Richard "Beau" Nash were the most important men in early 18th century Bath, Allen a financier and Nash a leader of the social set. Henry Fielding, a close friend of Ralph Allen, made him the Squire Allworthy of Tom Jones, considered by many critics to be the first great novel in English literature. Allen's home on the outskirts of Bath, Prior Park, is now a college. In North Parade the poet William Words worth dwelt in 1841; Oliver Goldsmith, who wrote a life of Beau Nash, also lodged there. The Earl of Chesterfield wrote many of his letters to his son in a house on Pierre pont Street. On the Circus lived an amateur landscape painter who became the "Mr. T."