National Geographic : 1955 Nov
620 U. S. Information Service Author Caffery Climbs to the Summit of King Khufu's Great Pyramid Giza's pyramids survive among the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. Centuries whittled off the Great Pyramid's sheath of white stone and reduced its height by 30 feet. The carved initials of generations scar its peak. Khafre's monument (background) still wears its limestone casing near the summit (page 612). ings of ancient boats and in models. And a canopy with identically designed poles, though for a bed, was found in the tomb of Queen Hetep-heres, mother of Khufu, and is now in the Egyptian Museum of Cairo. An important archeological discovery was the use of copper joints in the boat's construc tion. Their use, however, was limited, and most of the pieces of wood were put together with the customary wooden pegs. It is believed from preliminary examination that cedar of Lebanon, acacia, sycamore, and pine are among the materials used. Wood of the nabk, or Christ's thorn tree, may also have been employed. Each kind was chosen for a particular part of the craft, depending upon its hardness and durability. How many boats lay close to the pyramid of Khufu? Mention has been made of the companion boat that Egyptologists feel as sured is hidden in a similar rock-cut vault ad jacent to the first vessel found. Three rock-cut boat chambers on the east side of the pyramid have long been known. Last year's discoveries added two more; prob ably others exist, perhaps on the west side.