National Geographic : 1955 Nov
619 Kodachrome by National Geographic Photographer David S. Boyer Dawn's Celestial Fire Descends on a Shrine Where Ancients Worshiped the Sun as a God Hatshepsut lined the entrance causeway with sphinxes, landscaped the lower court, and provided massive ramps for processions. Carvings behind the second-level pillars proclaim the god Amun her father by miraculous con ception. Ruined top tier still holds a sun altar open to the sky. Priests on the terrace could look down a valley to the Nile's green bank, two miles distant. Monks in Christian times used the temple; Arabs called it Deir el Bahri, or North Monastery. Chapels in the cliff are hewn out of rock. Valley of the Tombs of the Kings lies over the cliff.