National Geographic : 1956 Mar
395 +Battle Monument Calls to Mind a Drama of World War I On December 8, 1914, a German raiding fleet under Vice Adm. Graf von Spee steamed toward the Falklands. A British squadron, recoaling in Stanley, rushed to sea and destroyed all but one enemy ship. Victory gave the British full command of the South Atlantic. World War II brought fresh activity. In 1940 six British cruisers anchored off Stanley. A garrison of 2,000 troops arrived in 1942 and remained for two years. Stanley boasts the Falklands' only paved roads. Motor vehicles number around 200. Golden gorse blankets the bluff on which the memorial stands. Government officials occupy hilltop homes.