National Geographic : 1957 May
trailing in the water), and that she had probably been in the wine trade with France. Her captain's name was Christopher Jones, and she may have been old enough to have fought against the Spanish Armada. We can deduce, too, that she must have been a smart enough sailer, to make the fall westward crossing of the Atlantic at all. As it was, it took her 67 days. She must have been a roomy, chunky little tub to manage to stow all 102 Pil grims who sailed with her, their shallop and gear, and a crew variously reckoned from 20 to 30 men. They must have been packed in like Bedouin migrants in an Arab dhow.* Mr. Charlton had some breaks. A lot of research 715 had gone into the problem A Fat File of just what sort of little The author and ship the original Mayflower Project, turned do them women. Ca probably had been. In Eng- Winslow (left), R land, Dr. R. C. Anderson, grim. The origina president of the Society for Nautical Research, had found data enough to establish just what a ship of her size, rig, and period was like and, with a naval architect, had produced plans and a beautiful model of the ship, which now stands in Pilgrim Hall at Plymouth, Massachusetts. In New England, naval architect William A. Baker of Hingham, Massachusetts, had made old-ship design his hobby for years. In 1951 he was commissioned by Plimoth Plantation, Inc., to draw up plans for another Mayflower -not perhaps a precise Mayflower, but a ship as much like the original as she could possibly be made, 100 percent right in rig, in hull form, in lines, in manner of working and sail ing, and everything else (page 710). Briton and American Join Skills Mr. Baker's building plans were ready just about the time that Mr. Charlton's paper plans were coming to fruition. The English man heard of the American project, and the problem of just what to build, and (to some extent) how, was solved there and then. It B. Anthony Stewart, National Geographic Photographer Holds Letters from Volunteer "Pilgrims" Warwick Charlton (center), who sparked the Mayflower wn scores of requests from would-be voyagers, many of ptain Villiers picked the crew; it includes Sub-Lt. John oyal Navy jet flyer and descendant of an eminent Pil l Mayflower's crew numbered an estimated 20 to 30. is to Mr. Baker's plans that the new ship is built, and they have worked out wonderfully. "If a couple of the original Pilgrim Fathers walked into this yard, I reckon they'd recog nize the ship all right," said Mr. Charlton. "But they'd find her a good deal better than the one they sailed in." They would. She's new, for one thing. And she's immensely strong. Mr. Upham scoured the woods of Devon for stout oaks to go into the new Mayflower, and he found them. Nothing but the best and biggest trees satisfied him (and he had to look for some by night, for fear of protests from tree lovers here and there). Another thing in the new ship: she may have a bit more head room here and there. Head room for passengers is a modern luxury: the Pilgrim Fathers and their families had to bump their heads on the low 'tween-deck beams and get around the best way they could (pages 726-727). * Births during the Mayflower's voyage raised the total passenger list of Pilgrims to 104.