National Geographic : 1957 Sep
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHI SSociety .. .C 16th & ,I Streets N.1t". II'ashingtou 6.D. C. National Geographic Magazine ORGANIZED I 1888" REASE AN DIFUSN OF GEORPI KN Toi increase knowledge, the National Geographic Society has con ducted 1 c9 research projects and exploring expeditions literally to the ends of the earth. The Society diffuses knowledge through its monthly National Geographic Magazine and its books, nine million large color maps a year, bulletins for schools, and news releases on world events for press, radio, and television. MII.VI.LLE BILL GROSVENOR, President and dlitor ITHOMAS W. McKN ,\\.Vice-President and Secretary ROBIRT V. ILEMING. Treasurer MILVIN M. PAYNE. Senior Assistant Secretary 1.YMAN J. BRIGGS, Chairman. Research Committee ALEXANDEiR WETMO'()RIE, Vice-Chairman, Research Committee /Pftnl/ 0/ iTusticsj ( ILBI'.T G(ROSVIENOR Chairman of the Boardi. formerly President, National GCegraphic Society, and Editor of its Magazine ( 1Si99-195 1) JOHN ()LIVER LA (;ORCIH Vice-Chlairman of the Board, formerly President and Eiditor, National Geographic Society ( 195 i-1957) LYMIAN 1.BRIGGS Director Emeritus, National Bureau of Standards LEONARD CARMICHAEL Sec retary, Smithsonian Institution L. O . COLBERT Rear Admiral, II. S . Coast and Geodetic Survey. Retired HUGH I. DRYDEN Director, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics ROBERT V. FLEMING Chairman of the Board Riggs National Bank MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR Editor, National Geographic Magazine EISHA HANSON Lawyer and Naturalist CHARI ES F. KETTERING Consultant and Director General Motors Corporation MEMORY S. I.ANI) Vice-Admiral, II. S Navy,. Retired, formerly President Air Transport Association CURTIS I. LiEMAY Vice-Chief of Staff United States Air Force H. RANDOLPH MIADDOX Vice-President American Telephone and Telegraph Company GEORGE C. MARSHALL. General of the Army, formerly Secretary of Defense BENJAMIN M. MICKELWAY Editor, The Washington Star THOMAS W. MCKNEW\V Vice-President and Secretary National Geographic Society ERNEST E. NORRIS Retired President Southern Railway System JUAN T. TRIPPE President, Pan American World Airways EARL WARREN Chief Justice of the Inited States ALEXANDER \ IWETMORE Research Associate Smithsonian Institution LI.OYD B. WILSON Honorary Chairman of the Board (hesapeake and Potomac Telephone Companies (ONRAD L. WIRTII Director National Park Service I1.S. Department of the Interiior WILLIAM E. WRATHI IR Director, U. S . Geological Survey, Retired Trustee Emeritu.s: WIILLIAM V. PRATT Admiral, i. S. Navy, Retired Assistant Secretaries: Vernon H. Brewster. Robert E. Doyle Assistant Treasurers: Hillear F. Hoskinson, William H. lMcCauley Herman J. A. C. Arens. Executive Assistant, and Carol Johnson, Secretary, to he President and Editor: Lenore Williams. Secretary to the Vic-President aind Secretary: Sibyl Peck. Asst. to Chairman, and Leon J. Canova, Asst. to Vice-Chairman, of the Board. ) right 1r'it.i5'7 by Nationtal t;tiratstii tti yt. Washiinutin. t. t.Inte ntinul ,,p , A, i,'l " annd lh. l,, 'ro+)h. are dsh'(ir' . F, natrial nlS li, rnn t, nnin ."r tin iI d(,. MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR. Editor THOMAS W. McKNEW. I'ice-Pr.sideint& Secretary FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Associcae Editor EDITORIAL STAFF Assistant lEditors: Robert L. Only, George W. Long, Franc Shor, Mason Sutherland. Senior \talf: Beverley M. Bowie. Andrew tI. Brown, Allan C. Fisher, Jr. Foreign Staf: W. Robert lMoore ( Chief); David S. Boyer, Luis Marden, Jean Bowie Shor, Howell Walker, M. Woodbridge Williams ( Naturalist). Ildturial .\iatf: John R. Hopes, Jay Johnston, Stuart E. Jones, Nathaniel T. Kenney, Samuel W. Matthews, Matt (. McXDade, Carolyn B. Patterson. John Scotield, Kenneth It.Weaver, Peter T. White, Rose T. Mac. Bryde iAsst. . chorl Sertice: Ralph Gray (Chief); Scott Hart, Edwards Park. :.i \i rrki: Windsor I. Booth (I hief); Lonnelle Aikman, Frank Sartwell. Geographi Book Serrice: Merle Severy. Edit. Rcecarh:. Inez B. Ryan. Margaret G. Bledsoe. Geographic Rescarh: George Crossette, Louise F. Althoff, Newton V. Blakeslee. Librarians: Esther Ann Manion, Julia F. Banks. ILLUSTRATIONS STAFF Il/lutrations Editor: Walter Meayers Edwards. A.1iJ.Ill/u. Editors: Kip Ross, Andrew Poggenpohl, Herbert S. Wilburn, Jr. Piture Editors: Charles Allmon, Robert L. Breeden, Wilbur E. Garrett, Leonard J. Grant. Mary S. Gris wold, Gilbert M. Grosvenor, G:fford D. Hampshire, Geraldine Linder, Caro Stillwell (Librarian). Engraring & Printing: Dee J. Andella, Joe M. Barlett. Artist & Naturalist: Walter A. Weber. Photographers: B. Anthony Stewart ( Chief); Thomas J. Abercrombie, Willard R. (ulver, Bates Littlehales, Kathleen Revis, Joseph B. Roberts, Robert F Sisson, Volkmar Wentzel. Photo Lab.: Edwin L. Wished ((hief ; Richard H. Stewart ( Asst. (hief) John E. Fletcher, Donald McBain. Film EJitor: Joseph hi. Rideout. CARTOGRAPHIC STAFF Chef Cartographer: James M. Darley. Newman Bumstead (Asst. ( .hief); Irvin E. Alleman, John J. Brehm, Wellman Chamberlin, Richard Darley, Athos D, Grazzini, Apphia Holdstock. Ralph E. Mc Aleer, Walter K. Morrison. Typographer: C. E. Riddiford. Cartographic Artist: William Palmstrom. SECRETARY'S STAFF Per onnel: Herbert T. Henderson. iAlembrthip: Shel don Cary. Paroll: Esther M. Lohrer. Accounting: F. Charles Brown, C. Vernon Sanders. Statistics: Everett C Brown. (.ibier: Frank S. Delk. Coit: Sargent C. Elliott. Purchasing: John P1. M. Johnston. Administration: William T. Bell, Charles F. Althoff. Mflemberiip Fulfillment: Roy J. Klockenbrink. Ac count Riordi: Della M. Hurt. ADVERTISING Gilbert G. La Gorce (Director); John F. Connery (Manager); Regional Officer-Newu York: Harley L. McDevitt; Chicago: Leslie R. Gage; San Francisco: Donald F. Mikkelsen; Los Angeles: Jack V. Sheehan.