National Geographic : 1959 Aug
A modern Noah rescues a small antelope from Kariba Lake (opposite). The rising reservoir already has cost the lives of many animals, but game wardens have saved hundreds of creatures from death on its shrinking islands. Global Changes Reflected on New Wall Maps POLITICAL CHANGES erase old names and create new nations. Alaska and Hawaii are voted in as the 49th and 50th States of the Union. Netherlanders, reclaim ing a vast expanse of sea bottom, add to Eu rope's land area. Africa's infant republics take their first uncertain steps. Thus the map makers' work never ends. While charting the entire world anew with the uniform-sheet-size Atlas Series, the Na tional Geographic Society's cartographers are constantly producing up-to-date editions of The Society's larger 10-color Wall Maps. Five of these large maps, 1959 model, are now obtainable from The Society's headquar ters-the World, Western Europe, Germany, Top of the World, and South America. The 218 new, enlarged map of the World measures 68 by 47 inches. The other four are approxi mately double the size of the Atlas Maps now being issued to members at the rate of seven a year. All reflect the latest surveys, bound aries, place-name spellings, and the changes that busy man's giant dams and other engi neering marvels are making in his earth.* On the World map perhaps the most no ticeable changes appear in Africa, where a dozen new republics have blossomed as mem ber states of the new French "fraternal Com munity of free and equal peoples." What was once French West Africa has be come the republics of Mauritania, Senegal, Soudan, Ivory Coast, Volta, Dahomey, Niger, and the new nation of Guinea. Four other states-Chad, Gabon, Congo, and the Central African Republic-replace French Equatorial Africa. Madagascar, fourth largest island in the world (after Greenland, New Guinea, and Borneo), has become the Malgache Republic. Except Guinea-which chose complete sov ereignty and joined the United Nations these new states look to France for foreign policy, defense, currency, and the like. Place names in Soviet Russia have been brought up to date. For example, the White Sea city of Molotovsk-named for the former No. 2 Communist who was banished to the embassy in the Mongolian Republic-has re verted to its old label of Severodvinsk. An insert lists the 82 United Nations. New est members: Ghana, Guinea, and Malaya. The new Western Europe map shows more land than its predecessors, for in the Nether lands the Dutch have transformed the Zuider Zee into a fresh-water lake, the IJssel Meer, and reclaimed thousands of acres where salty waves once rolled. Behind a 20-mile dam holding back the North Sea, new areas called polders are being diked and drained. The project has been described as equivalent to damming Long Island Sound and filling in two-thirds of its 1,299 square miles. Of timely interest is a new Wall Map of * Copies of the new 1959 standard Wall Maps, Top of the World, Western Europe, and South America, may be obtained from the National Geographic So ciety, Department 18, Washington 6, D. C., at $1.00 each; new enlarged map of the World, 68 by 47 inches, $3.75. Wall Map of Germany, 42 x 32V2 inches, $1.00. Also available are additional copies of the maps of the Atlas Series, especially designed for binding in the Atlas Folio. Atlas Maps, 50¢ each; Atlas Folio, $4.85; postpaid. Atlas Maps already published: Northeastern U. S. (No. 6), Southeastern U. S. (8), North Central U. S. (9), U. S . - Canadian National Parks (13), Alaska (18), Southern South America (28), British Isles (31), Germany (35), Poland and Czechoslovakia (38), Greece and the Aegean (40), and Lands of the Eastern Mediterranean (47).