National Geographic : 1940 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photograph by B. Anthony Stewart HIS SLOGAN-'A DEAD WHALE OR A STOVE BOAT" Portraying the spirit of the whalers of a century ago, this monument at New Bedford, Massachusetts, shows the harpooner about to plunge his iron into a whale. The line is passed through a slot in the bow, ready to pay out when the quarry dives after being struck. A stove boat was a not-infrequent occurrence, for the small craft sometimes was crushed in the jaws of a maddened Sperm or smashed by its lashing flukes (page 64, and Plate I). two inches long, always black, and separated from the sloping forehead by a cross groove. This dolphin grows to nine feet, the males being slightly larger than the females. Schools numbering more than a thousand have been observed in the North Sea. Close of kin to these North Atlantic types are half a dozen or so kinds of short-beaked dolphins that frequent the southern and cir cumpolar seas. The North Pacific striped dolphin (L. obliquidens) has been known to visit Monterey Bay and Puget Sound. but seems to be most numerous along the coasts of Japan. Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops trun catus) Despite the simi larity in names, the Bottlenose Dolphin is unlike the Bottlenose Beaked Whale either in general appearance or in size (Plate XVII). These dolphins are common in the North Atlantic and are found in the North and Baltic Seas, the Bay of Biscay, the Medi terranean and Black Seas. They are the most numerous of all dolphins along the Atlantic coast of the United States, ranging ac cording to season from Maine to Florida and Barba dos. and along the Gulf coast. Other species closely allied to this dolphin live in the North Pacific Ocean, the Aus tralian seas, where they are known as "Cowfish." the In dian Ocean, the Red Sea, the coastal waters of South Africa, and along the coasts of Argentina and Brazil. Stranded Bottle nose Dolphins may be recognized by the purplish lead-gray upper parts, the short beak, seldom more than three inches long, the lower jaw slightly longer than the upper, and 20 to 26 teeth on each side in eachjaw. Adults attain a length of 11 or 12 feet. Large schools numbering several hundreds, scattered over the ocean for half a mile or so, have been seen near the Galapagos Islands. Spectacular leaps are often made by members of a school as it passes near a ship. On com ing to the surface, the dolphin cuts the water cleanly and may rise twice its own length above the surface before plunging nose first or falling on its back or side.