National Geographic : 1940 Apr
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Drawn by Newman Bumstead and Ralph E. McAleer RICH, POWERFUL HONG KONG, BRITISH CROWN COLONY, LIES IN SOUTHEAST CHINA HARD BY BUSY PEARL RIVER DELTA Hong Kong's position close to tiny Portuguese-owned Macau and Japanese-occupied Canton, greatest city in South China, is shown in the small map, upper left. With Singapore and Manila, Hong Kong forms a third leg in a tripod of American and British influence in the Far East, upper right. For nearly two centuries prior to the Opium War of 1840, British merchants had tried to trade with China, but were continually frustrated by pirates and the arrogant viceroys of Canton. The next year, after much fighting, China ceded Hong Kong Island to the British, who settled it as their base for South China trading operations. In 1860 China ceded Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island to the British; also by treaty of 1898 the New Territories were leased to them for 99 years (page 532). Now the colony, exclusive of water, covers about six times the area of the District of Columbia.