National Geographic : 1940 Oct
Beneath Colombia's Azure Skies © National Geographic Society Kodachrome by Luis Marden Colombia's Tricolor Heads Marching Youth in Cartagena on Independence Day The national holiday, July 20, marks the anniversary of the first uprising against Spanish rule in 1810. Athletic, school, and patriotic organizations celebrate with parades and fireworks. The procession is leav ing the old colonial plaza through the triple-arched Bridge Gate. Onlookers line the ancient parapets. Under ground passageways connected the ring of forts that guarded Cartagena (Plate X).