National Geographic : 1941 Mar
290 The National Geographic Magazine Photograph by L. 1 . Smil Lacking Sawmills or Lumber, Many Pioneers Built Sod Houses with Dirt Floors Hoops and canvas from this settler's covered wagon are piled by his "soddy," pictured in 1890. In hard times pioneers picked up and shipped buffalo bones to fertilizer and other factories to earn cash for food and clothes. A few Oklahoma soddies are still occupied. Photograph by H. Anthony Stewart This Replica, Near Muskogee, Stands on the Site of the Original Fort Gibson With officers' quarters, barracks, mess hall, and deep well all enclosed by log stockade, it is a perfect example of an early western army post built for Indian defense. Names of some officers who served here, listed on placards, include Robert E. Lee, J. E. B. Stuart, Albert Sidney Johnston, and Kirby Smith (page 285).