National Geographic : 1941 Dec
Working Dogs of the World 805 Irill .rAireI rurnee Hungary's Big White Komondor Seems as Heavily Coated as the Sheep It Guards This is Puszta, a female Komondor brought to the United States by Alfred Furnee, of Bronxville, New York. She was born on a farm near Debrecen, Hungary. Her name, meaning "arid plains" or "steppes," is appropriate, for her ancestors came from Asia with the Magyars. Full-grown male Komondors, or Komondorok (Hungarian plural), are big dogs, from 252 to 30 inches or more at the shoulder. In this article are pictured all of the working dogs listed by the American Kennel Club, including such exotic and comparatively rare breeds as the Komondor, Puli (page 784), and Bernese Mountain Dog (page 792). some dark-orange and white Plinlimmon, the Eng lish champion of the late '80's and early '90's. Plinlimmon proved a great attraction in "Hans the Boatman," a play written around an old, yarn spinning Dutch sailorman and his magnificent dog. Plinlimmon as a stage dog made the St. Bernard famous in the United States, just as the screen's Strongheart later popularized the German Shep herd in this country. There are two varieties-the rough-coated and the smooth- or flat-haired. The monks, I have read, preferred the smooth-coated variety; but the public of all countries has been more respon sive to the rough-coated, which generally is more attractive in its colorings. These are of rich orange-tawny shade, the ground color being re lieved by distinct white markings on the muzzle, blaze up the face, chest, legs, feet, and tip of tail. The black shadings on the mask and ears are greatly admired. Many admire the larger St. Bernard males which measure at least 30 inches at the shoulder, and bitches 27 inches. The weight of such a dog may be 170 to 180 pounds; of a bitch, 150 to 170 pounds. Today, however, smaller St. Bernards are frequently observed among the prize takers in the United States. Colors are red, orange, vari ous shades of brindle (the richer the better), or white with body patches of either of those hues. Great Pyrenees These usually nearly all-white dogs take their name from the mountain range in southwestern Europe where they have long been used as drivers or tenders of sheep, as watch and guard dogs, and as bearers of packs and pullers of carts (p. 806). The Great Dog of the Mountains, as he is sometimes called, is attractive and huge. The males measure 27 to 32 inches at the shoulder and the females 25 to 29 inches. Weights are from 100 to 125 pounds for males; females, 90 to 115 pounds. Acceptable color markings are patches of badger-gray, or varying shades of tan on the white ground color. Here is another breed in which the double dewclaws on the hind legs are looked upon as highly characteristic by fanciers (page 796). These are regarded as a guarantee of true descent from early Pyrenees dogs which possessed them. Although the Great Pyrenees was not classified among the working dogs by the American Kennel Club until 1933, it is on record that the first pair was brought over by General Lafayette in 1824. They were for a friend, to whom he rec ommended them as protectors of sheep from wolves and sheep-killing dogs. The Great Pyrenees is fast becoming popular in this country as a gentle, well-mannered watch dog and companion for women and children.