National Geographic : 1941 Dec
New World Map Gives Backdrop for Headlines SNEW Map of the World with many unusual features is presented to mem bers of the National Geographic So ciety this month as a special supplement to their Magazine. More than 1,500,000 copies of this map have been printed for distribu tion to The Society's world-wide member ship and to meet future demand.* Showing the earth in two hemispheres and ten colors on the generous scale of 552 miles to the inch, the new map, 41 by 22 inches, has been carefully designed by the Editor and The Society's cartographers for use on desk or wall as an attractive, inclusive, and accurate reference work. With headline developments whirling all over the globe, nothing less than a world map is adequate for following the dramatic events of the day. It will enable The Society's 1,100,000 member families to orient themselves quickly and to locate at a glance places featured in news dispatches and war charts. For more detailed study of particular areas, members can turn to their previous supple ments showing individual oceans, continents, or sections; or they may refer to current news paper maps such as those now being furnished to the press as a special feature of The Society's long-established News Bulletin Service. Boundaries "Frozen" on Prewar Lines Because national boundaries mean less and less as war spreads, and because there seems little likelihood of their early settlement, no attempt has been made on this latest world map to show invaded territories. Countries are represented as they were on September 1, 1939, the day German troops marched into Poland. Because both the United States and Britain have recently become island conscious, several pinpoints on the new map have suddenly found themselves important air stations decorated with the Stars and Stripes or Union Jack, in some cases both. Canton Island, in mid-Pacific, where in 1937 the National Geographic Society-U. S. Navy Solar Eclipse expedition and a party of New Zealand scientists good-naturedly argued the question of sovereignty, is now a fully equipped jointly administered air base for both the United States and Great Britain. The new map is drawn on an Azimuthal Equal Area projection. By this method land masses are shown in their true relative areas, in contrast to certain other world map pro jections which would make Greenland, for example, appear larger than South America. The use of hachures instead of tinting for portraying mountains lets the countries stand out clearly in pink, yellow, green, purple, orange, and brown, unobscured by any tint to show relief. By long-standing map-making convention, the far-flung British Empire is shown in pink. France and its possessions are shown in purple, which likewise has become conventional for the purpose. The United States is depicted here in green, but there is no fixed tradition in favor of any particular color. Of all the maps issued by The Society, those of the world and of the United States are most popular for handy wall use. Accordingly this map has been made as attractive as possible. The border is an ancient Greek knotted rope design and around the rim of the hemispheres runs a Greek meander pattern. New Air Routes over Oceans Much information has been packed into the six insets that enliven the margins. One of these, in the lower center, shows all of the world's time zones on a single chart. By looking at your watch and that one small map you can see what time it is anywhere in the world. On the same inset are shown the trans oceanic airways. Since the previous world map was issued in 1935, these have been ex tended by thousands of miles. New since then are Pan American's great north Atlantic air routes to Europe and the extension of its Pacific service to New Zealand and Singapore. The small Land Hemisphere and Water Hemisphere maps in the top corners show the heights of land and depths of the sea over our whole planet. However, if the earth were actually shrunken to the three-and-one-half inch diameter of these hemispheres, it would be as smooth as a machined steel ball. Its greatest irregularity, 64,402 feet, or more than 12 miles, from the top of Mount Everest to Mindanao Deep off the Philippines, would amount to slightly more than five thousandths of an inch. These hemispheres emphasize how the land area is clustered about the North Pole. The ancient Greeks, who loved symmetry, were dimly aware of this fact and reasoned that such a thing could not be without causing the earth to turn over. Therefore they invented great land masses for the southern hemi * Members wishing additional copies of "A Map of the World" may obtain them by writing the National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C. Prices, in United States and Possessions, 500 on paper (un folded) ; 75¢ mounted on linen. Outside of United States and Possessions, 75 on paper; $1 on linen all remittances payable in U. S. funds. Postage pre paid.