National Geographic : 1942 Jul
Roaming Russia's Caucasus 119 Sovfoto How Goes the Battle? News from the Front Reaches Daghestan Townspeople gather before Agvali's newsstand to read the latest bulletins. Before the Russian con quest, in the 19th century, none of the 20 tongues spoken by the mixed tribes of this Caucasus Mountain district had been reduced to writing. Today 52 newspapers are published in 10 different languages. Sovfoto Shahnazarov, Village Schoolmaster, Reads the News to Old Daghestan Farmers In their youth they had no opportunity to learn to read or write. Here, on the Gergebil Collective Farm, they are kept informed by younger men. Their grandchildren often write letters for them.