National Geographic : 1942 Nov
At Mukden Japanese School Children Visit Tungling, the Tomb of Nurhachu, Founder ofthe Mighty Manchu Dynasty The emperor died in 1627 without realizing his dream of conquering China. But in 1644 his victorious successors moved their capital from Mukden toPeking (page 604). Constant recruiting to fill their guard of 100,000 Banner Men almost depopulated Manchuria. In 1911-12, revolution swept the Manchus off the throne of China, and Chinese farmers, reversing the tide of immigration, repeopled Manchuria. Only a handful of Manchus has escaped absorption bythe patient Chinese.