National Geographic : 1943 Jun
New Map of Europe and the Near East Acme, U. S. Army Official The Secretary of War and His Chief of Staff Scan a National Geographic Map of Europe and the Near East Mr. Stimson and General Marshall spend long hours over maps to chart they are consulting is The Society's Map of the Indian Ocean. Geographic maps have gone to war, requisitioned by the Army, Navy, Department and other government agencies. following the progress of events in Albania, Greece, and Crete. The 1940 Map of Europe and the Near East reached members in May, just as the Nazi drive through the Low Countries and France began. It had been revised in the light of eight months of war. Fighting was still going on in Norway. The Germans had seized the larger ports of Oslo, Stavanger, Bergen, Trondheim, and Nar vik. The British were forced to make their landings at small fishing villages such as Andalsnes, Namsos, Bodo, and Tromso. All could be located on the new map. With the opening of the Nazi drive on the Netherlands, Belgium, and France, this map's value increased. Maastricht, Liege, Dunkerque, St. Quentin, and Abbeville, headline names, were prominently listed on the chart. Smaller places which gained prominence overnight were also easily located: Montmedy, northern anchor of the Maginot Line; historic Sedan, scene of the disastrous break-through by Nazi armored forces; Evreux, near where the invaders crossed the Seine. Tongue-twisters of the Greek-Italian war, such as Argirocastro, Ioannina, Corizza, were plan global strategy. Beneath the Two hundred thousand copies of Marine Corps, Coast Guard, State all on the map. The advance in Russia could be followed step by step, from Brest Litovsk to Stalingrad. Here, too, were listed the un attained Nazi objectives-Batumi, home of the Soviet's Black Sea fleet; Astrakhan, strategic control center of the Volga Basin; and Tiflis (Tbilisi), center of Caucasus min eral wealth. More than 20,000 copies of this chart al ready have gone to the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, State Department, and other Government agencies. In September, 1941, The Society's Map of the Atlantic Ocean was mailed to members. It spanned the area of Nazi submarine war fare. Copies appeared at the time of the Roosevelt-Churchill Atlantic meeting in Au gust. As the British began to step up bombing attacks on the Continent, the Map of the Theater of War in Europe, Africa, and West ern Asia rolled from the presses in July, 1942. In November, 1942, at the time of the North African invasion and the Solomon Is lands sea battle, presses were printing a map of Asia and Adjacent Areas for the December number, which covered the scene of every operation from Casablanca to Guadalcanal.