National Geographic : 1943 Jul
Cetus (the Sea Monster) Is the Dominant Southern Constellation in November BRIGHTEST of the stars in this group is Mira in the center, shining with a deep red hue (page 110). It is a variable star, waxing and waning in brilliance through a cycle of about 330 days, but in November it is invisible to the naked eye. In January, however, it begins to brighten. In the north, Cassiopeia and Cepheus have swept past the meridian and are descending toward the west. The small triangular groups of stars which form Aries (the Ram) and Triangulum lie close to Andromeda, just south of the zenith. The zodiacal constellation Pisces (the Fishes) is still farther south, with the V pointing toward Mira in Cetus. Mars increases rapidly in brightness all through November. Both Mars and Saturn lie between the horns of Taurus. Venus, a brilliant morning object, will be conspicuous through the winter and early spring. If you live in southern Florida or Texas you can see, just above the southern horizon, the first-magnitude star Achernar (the River's End), which marks the southern terminus of Eridanus, the Heavenly River (page 112). Well above it is Fornax (the Chemical Furnace). The November chart can be used also for the early-morning skies of August 15 at 4:30 a.m.; September 1, 3:30 a.m.; September 15, 2:30 a.m.