National Geographic : 1944 Sep
Staff Photographer B.Anthony Stewart. Toussaint, Liberator of Haiti, Keeps a Watchful Eye on the National Palace, HomeofHis Country's Presidents On his palm-trunk pedestal, "The First of the Blacks" receives the palm of victory from a liberated slave. Toussaint L'Ouverture was amilitary genius, defeat ing in turn French, English, and Spanish armies. Unlike Christophe and Dessalines, he was humane, educated, andnot self-seeking (page 325). Trying towin back France's rich colony, Napoleon had Toussaint captured by a trick and allowed him to die in a French dungeon.