National Geographic : 1944 Oct
The Society's TIMELY addition to the National Geo graphic Society's wartime series of map supplements is the new Map of South east Asia and Pacific Islands, distributed with this issue of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE.* The new chart, together with its companion Map of Japan (April, 1944), portrays in detail the heart of the vast Pacific battle ground. Consulting these two maps, members can follow every move by our land, sea, and air forces to crush the Japanese. They are drawn on the largest scale ever used by your Society's cartographers in mapping this area. From Calcutta to the Solomons Northwest to southeast, the chart extends from Calcutta, chief base for the campaign in Burma, to Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands, where United States Marines first checked the Japanese sweep. The map reaches north as far as Shanghai and the southern tip of the Japanese main land. On the south it includes Darwin, Aus tralia, base for our bombers raiding the Japa nese in the Netherlands Indies. Westernmost points are the Nicobar and Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean, which were seized by the Japs in 1942. On the east the map shows the new United States bases for B-29's in the Marianas Islands, within bombing range of both the Philippines and Japan. Likely scene of operations is the Philippine archipelago, which lies close to the center of the new map. General Douglas MacArthur, upon his arrival in Australia from Corregidor in March, 1942, said: "I shall keep the sol diers' faith. I shall return." Beyond the Philippines are Formosa, Jap seized Hainan, and the broad stretches of the South China coast which Admiral Chester W. Nimitz has proclaimed a U. S. Navy goal. In that part of western China shown on the map are airbases from which Super fortresses bombed Japan and Manchuria. Our Navy's victorious operations in the Pacific have added new names in that area. For the first time on a GEOGRAPHIC map the Philippine Sea is listed. This is the title Admiral Nimitz has given to the waters be tween the Philippines and the Marianas. Two other water areas are named for the first time on a general map. These are the Solomon Sea, between the Solomon Islands and New Guinea, and the Bismarck Sea, bounded by the Bismarck Archipelago and New Guinea. New Map of Southeast Asia "The Slot," term given by Navy men to the narrow stretch of water between New Georgia Island and Choiseul and Santa Isabel Islands, in the Solomons, has stuck. It ap pears now for the first time on a GEOGRAPHIC map supplement. Key cities and strategic islands are charted in twenty-two large-scale insets on the new map. Six, in the upper right-hand corner, show Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore, Soera baja, Manila, and Davao. Sixteen others, in the lower left-hand corner, portray important islands and island groups. Among them are Saipan, Tinian, Guam, Pa gan, and Rota, scenes of United States triumphs in combined land, sea, and air opera tions last summer in the Marianas. Also included are the Jap island strong holds near the Chinese mainland-the Pesca dores between the China coast and Formosa; the Nansei Islands, between Formosa and Japan; and Pratas, southeast of Hong Kong, in the South China Sea. Old English Names for Bonins, Marianas, May Replace Jap Terms Shown in detail are Chichi Jima and Haha Jima, fortified islands in the Bonins south of Tokyo. When the uninhabited Bonins were colonized by British and Americans back in 1830, they were given English names, which were in use until the Japanese took over the islands in 1861. On the map these old designations appear in parentheses beside the Japanese: Muko Jima (Parry Group); Chichi Jima (Beechey Group); Haha Jima (Baily or Coffin Group); Nishi no Shima (Rosario). The Japs even changed the name for the Bonins to Ogasa wara Gunto. These old-time American and European names have a new meaning. Will they soon be restored by our conquering soldiers and sailors? Palau and Truk (Color Plates I-XVI), im portant targets of American air and sea strikes, and Yap and Ponape, other Caroline Island strongholds which have been heavily bombed, are shown individually. Also charted * Members may obtain additional copies of the new "Map of Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands, from the Indies and Philippines to the Solomons" (and of all other maps published by The Society) by writing to the National Geographic Society, Washington 6, D. C. Prices, in United States and Possessions, 50¢ each, on paper; $1 on linen; Index, 25. Outside of United States and Possessions, 75¢ on paper; $1.25 on linen (postal regulations generally prohibit mailing linen maps outside of Western Hemisphere); Index, 50¢. All remittances payable in U. S . funds. Postage prepaid.