National Geographic : 1945 Jan
© National Geographic Society Oil Painting by W. Langdon Kihn An Oceangoing Canoe, Dug Out of a Cedar Log, May Carry 60 Men on an 800-mileCruise Down the Coast Canoes were to the totem-pole folk what horses were to the Plains Indians. Water travel was encouraged by theNorthwest's many rivers and bays. Paddles did most of the work, but cedar-bark sails were hoisted at times. The log's easily worked exterior has been adzed beneath the shelter. Fire, used for charring, hashelped hol low the interior. Now decorations are being painted. The prow's design represents a whale; the figurehead is a bear.