National Geographic : 1945 Mar
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY GEOGRAPHIC ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS NORTHWEST, WASHINGTON 6, D. C. GILBERT GROSVENOR, President ROBERT V. FLEMING, Treasurer HERBERT A. POOLE. Assistant Treasurer LYMAN J. BRIGGS, Chairman, Research Committee ALEXANDER WETMORE, Vice-Chairman, Research Committee JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE, Vice-President GEORGE W. HUTCHISON, Secretary THOMAS W. McKNEW, Senior Assistant Secretary VERNON H. BREWSTER, Assistant Secretary MELVIN M. PAYNE, Assistant Secretary EXECUTIVE STAFF OF THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE J. R. HILDEBRAND Assistant Editor MELVILLE BELL GROSV Assistant Editor JAMES M. DARLEY Chief Cartographer NEWMAN BUMSTEAD Research Cartographer CHARLES E. RIDDIFORI Cartographic Staff WELLMAN CHAMBERLI Cartographic Staff CHARLES EVANS HUGH Formerly Chief Justice of t United States WALTER S. GIFFORD President American Teleph Telegraph Co. WILLIAM V. PRATT Admiral U. S. Navy, Retir LYMAN J. BRIGGS Director National Bureau Standards GEORGE R. PUTNAM Commissioner of Lighthou. Retired THEODORE W. NOYES Editor of The Evening Star L. O. COLBERT Rear Admiral, Director U. and Geodetic Survey GEORGE W. HUTCHISON Secretary National Geograi Society GILBERT GROSVENOR, EDITOR JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE, Associate Editor FREDERICK SIMPICII Assistant Editor MAY MAY, ENOR McFALL KERBEY C Chief of School Service LEO A. BORAH Editorial Staff LEONARD C. ROY Editorial Staff D WILLIAM H. NICHOLAS Chie Editorial Staff WALT F. BARROWS COLTON N Editorial Staff BOARD OF TRUSTEES ES he ROBERT V. FLEMING President and Chairman of tlhe Board, Riggs National Bank one and H. H . ARNOLD General, U. S. A., Commanding U. S. Army Air Forces ed LEROY A. LINCOLN President Metropolitan Life of Insurance Company Presid EMORY S. LAND Vice Admiral U. S. Navy, Retired; ses, Chairman U. S. Maritime Commission DAVID FAIRCHILD r Special Agricultural Explorer, U. S. Potom Department of Agriculture S. Coast ALEXANDER WETMORE Secretary, Smithsonian Institution GILBERT GROSVENOR J phic Editor of National Geographic Assoc Magazine FRANKLIN L. FISHER Chief Illustrations Division NARD OWEN WILLIAMS hief Foreign Editorial Staff W. ROBERT MOORE Foreign Editorial Staff INEZ B. RYAN Research Assistant EDWIN L. WISHERI) f Photographic Laboratory ER MEAYERS EDWARDS Illustrations Division RAYMOND W. WELCH Director of Advertising JOHN J. PERSHING General of the Armies of the United States HARLES F. KETTERING President General Motors Research Corporation CHARLES G. DAWES Formerly Vice-President of the United States JUAN T. TRIPPE ent Pan American Airways ELISHA HANSON Lawyer and Naturalist LLOYD B. WILSON President Chesapeake and ac Telephone Companies ERNEST E. NORRIS President Southern Railway System OHN OLIVER LA GORCE iate Editor of the National Geographic Magazine ORGANIZED FOR "THE INCREASE AND DI To carry out the purposes for which it was founded fifty-seven years ago, the National Geographic Society publishes its Magazine monthly. All receipts are in vested in The Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge. Articles and photographs are desired. For material The Magazine uses, generous remuneration is made. In addition to the editorial and photographic surveys constantly being made, The Society has sponsored more than 100 scientific expeditions, some of which required years of field work to achieve their objectives. The Society's notable expeditions have pushed back the historic horizons of the southwestern United States to a period nearly eight centuries before Columbus crossed the Atlantic. By dating the ruins of the vast communal dwellings in that region, The Society's re searches solved secrets that had puzzled historians for three hundred years. In Mexico, The Society and the Smithsonian Institu tion, January 16, 1939, discovered the oldest work of man in the Americas for which we have a date. This slab of stone is engraved in Mayan characters with a date which means November 4, 291 B. c . (Spinden.Correlation). It antedates by 200 years anything heretofore dated in America, and reveals a great center of early American culture, previously unknown. FFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC KNOWLEDGE" On November 11, 1935, in a flight sponsored jointly by the National Geographic Society and the U. S . Army Air Corps, the world's largest balloon, Explorer II, as cended to the world altitude record of 72,305 feet. Capt. Albert W. Stevens and Capt. Orvil A. Anderson took aloft in the gondola nearly a ton of scientific instru ments, and obtained results of extraordinary value. The National Geographic Society-U . S. Navy Expe dition camped on desert Canton Island in mid-Pacific and successfully photographed and observed the solar eclipse of 1937. The Society has taken part in many projects to increase knowledge of the sun. The Society cooperated with Dr. William Beebe in deep-sea explorations off Bermuda, during which a world record depth of 3,028 feet was attained. The Society granted $25,000, and in addition $75,000 was given by individual members, to the Government when the congressional appropriation for the purpose was insufficient, and the finest of the giant sequoia trees in the Giant Forest of Sequoia National Park of California were thereby saved for the American people. One of the world's largest icefields and glacial systems outside the polar regions was discovered in Alaska and Yukon by Bradford Washburn while exploring for The Society and the Harvard Institute of Exploration, 1938. opyriht 1945, by National Geographic Society, Washington D. C . International Copyright secured. All rights reserved. Quedan reservados todos los derehos. 'rin te d in U. S. A. Entered at the Post Office at Washington, D. C .. as Second-Class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided tor in Sec. 110:. Act of O(tober 3, 1917, authorized July 1, 1918. Cover design and names registered in tUnited States Patent Office. Marca Registrada.