National Geographic : 1945 May
GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY BETWEEN GREAT LAKES AND PACIFIC Ban an AiBERTA SASKATCHEWAN |Meae _ ONTARIO X/1 rVto MOAN DTANAmE MANT0BA / ORGON A lOP/A l 'GR"w = F OYLS Oy GREAT NORTHERN'S IRON ORE HAUL IS"SPECIAL DELIVERY" OPERATION Precision Handling, Efficient Equipment Speed Flow from Mines to Docks For nearly eight months of ev ery year-from April through late November-Great North ern transports iron ore from Minnesota's sprawling mines to the railway's docks on Lake Superior. More than 23' million long tons in 1944; and at least that much this year! Moving mountains of Victory vital iron ore is a "Special Deliv ery" assignment, requiring op erating skill and efficient use of equipment. When the shipping season is on, Great Northernhas in service 7,300 ore cars and a fleet of super-husky locomotives -power built for heavy duty. In addition, the railway main tains two vast yards. Trainloads of ore are assembled in one; in the other loaded cars are weighed "on the move" and A section of G. N.'s classification yards where ore trains deliver cars for weighing and sorting. classified as to types of ore before delivery to the docks. Great Northern's Allouez docks in Superior, Wis., are the world's largest, and designed to speed the loading of vessels which transport iron ore down the Great Lakes to steel mills. "Special Delivery" handling of iron ore is one of the many things which make Great North ern great. World's largest openpit mine is on the Minnesota iron range. The pit is nearly 4 miles long, over a mile wide and 600 feet deep. It requires only five "bites" of this giantpower snovel to iron ore car. Allouez docks rise80 feet above water. Duringthe 1944 ore season a total of 2,184 Great Lakes boats were loaded here.