National Geographic : 1948 Feb
Indians of the Far West ( Nat ional (Seo'gra[)hic Society Chief Joseph, Somber Leader of the Nez Perce, Was the Xenophon of American Indians His masterful retreat of more than 1,000 miles in a war with U. S . troops in 1877 has been compared to the ancient Greek's famous retreat of the Ten Thousand. Military and tactical skill won Joseph the title "greatest of Indian strategists." He was noted for humaneness in warfare. The "pierced noses" lived along the lower Snake River and its tributaries in parts of present Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.