National Geographic : 1948 May
Staff Photographer B. Anthony Stewart An Antwerp Grader Examines Coal's Hard, Brilliant Cousin, the Diamond Diamond is related to the graphite in a pencil as well as to that "black diamond" called coal. All three are forms of carbon. Since diamond is a hard cutting substance, industry uses the stone or its dust as an abrasive. The jewel does not owe its brilliancy to polish alone but also to light-reflecting facets (page 576). strong medicine, but they seem to have worked. Belgium's fiscal position was further im proved by the expenditures of British and American troops; by loans totaling $150,000, 000 granted by the Export-Import Bank to cover purchases made in the United States; by a credit of $25,000,000 extended by Can ada, and, finally, by a credit of $11,000,000 granted by the International Monetary Fund. In addition to the foregoing grants, Bel gium may draw another $56,500,000 from the Fund during 1948. Industry of People Key to Recovery The principal factor in the recovery saga, of course, has been the industry of the people. Belgium, with about 8,400,000 people crowded into an area little larger than that of Maryland, is one of the most densely popu lated countries in Europe. The number of inhabitants to the square mile is about 710, compared with 48 in the United States. De- spite this lack of "living space," Belgian in dustry and Belgian agriculture have reached a high development. Everybody works in Belgium-men, women, children, animals. The tempo of city life is brisk. In the country you will see people going into the fields at dawn, and if, perchance, you return at dusk you will find many of them still there. Driving in the country at night is made difficult and hazardous by a procession of carts creaking their way home, heavy-laden, from the fields. Another thing which strikes the visitor is the number of people with bundles on their backs. Everyone seems to be carrying some thing; those who aren't will probably be pushing bicycles, carts, or wheelbarrows. A Belgian will carry anything on a bicycle boxes, bundles, bales. Once, along the Schelde, I saw a man pedaling over the cobblestones with a barrel between his arms.