National Geographic : 1948 Sep
The Society's New Map of Washington WHEN the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC the northeast; and from Arlington Village MAGAZINE'S cartographers set out to on the southwest, across Washington National compile a new Pocket Map of Central Airport, to Fort Stanton Park on the southeast. Washington, with a companion Map of Sub- Downtown blocks in which buildings are urban Washington, they discovered that there solidly packed are indicated with solid tint. was no complete, detailed. up-to-date chart of A fringe of tint in residential sections marks the Nation's Capital in existence, houses fronting on the streets, with grounds Washington's phenomenal wartime and untinted in the rear. In sparsely settled out postwar growth had been too fast. Whole lying areas individual buildings are shown. suburbs, new Army and Navy installations, Washington is famous for its trees. Al new public buildings, new arterial highways, though it was not feasible to show tree-lined and scores of new streets were unmapped. streets, the new map indicates important First step in making the new double chart, groups of trees, and distinctive patterns indi which comes to the 1,800,000 member-families cate whether they are evergreen or deciduous. of the National Geographic Society as a sup- The famous Oriental flowering cherry trees plement to this issue of their Magazine,* was around the Tidal Basin are clearly located. to conduct a complete aerial photographic The aerial photographs showed that the survey of the entire metropolitan area. A heavy woodland surrounding St. Vincent's survey plane shuttled back and forth, taking Home and School, fronting on Edgewood 361 aerial photographs which became the Avenue, Northeast, extended eastward beyond starting point for compilation. the Home's property to the Baltimore & Ohio The pictures revealed many improved areas Railroad tracks. The trees were correctly and developments hitherto unrecorded. To indicated on the map. check all these changes, plot them accurately A few days later, a keen-eyed National in detail, and fit them into a new cartographic Geographic cartographer, passing the area on picture of Washington required a tremendous his way home, noticed bulldozers at work on amount of original research, so radically had the land between St. Vincent's and the rail the face of the Capital been transformed. road. All the trees on the tract-more than The 1940 census listed the population of 500-were being cut down to make room for the District of Columbia at 663,091. Latest a new warehouse. Off the map they came estimates place it at more than 900,000. The and now the tract is shown denuded of trees! 1940 census put the population of the metro- Schools, public parks, police precincts, politan area (District of Columbia and ad- streetcar lines, bus routes, theaters, churches, joining Maryland and Virginia suburbs) at monuments, and statues are located and 907,816; latest estimates show an increase named. Street classifications show at a glance of some 300,000 to a total of 1,205,000. arterial streets, secondary streets, private roads Map Outds Pt and driveways. Map Outdistances Plat Books The Capitol, White House, Federal Triangle County real-estate plat books are far behind buildings, and other landmarks are outlined your Society's new map in recording important as they appear from the air. boundary changes in housing projects, country- Of interest to motorists is the accurate club areas, and similar new developments, drawing of the Pentagon Building, with its The new chart is the first postwar map to labyrinth of surrounding highways. To the locate virtually everything of public interest southwest three of these highways cross, each in the Washington area. on a different level. The project of mapping metropolitan Wash- All units of the Washington Cathedral ington in detail was undertaken in response to Close, drawn to their actual plans, are shown hundreds of requests by Government workers, clustering around the huge cathedral. College visitors, and others who wanted an up-to-date buildings of Catholic University are mapped map of the Capital and its environs, in accurate detail and location. Important The maps are printed on either side of a buildings of George Washington University. sheet 3134 inches by 24 / inches. The Pocket Iap of Central Washington is drawn on a * Members may obtain additional copies of the new Map of Central Washington is drawn on a double map, "Pocket Map of Central Washington" scale of four inches to a mile; the Pocket and "Pocket Map of Suburban Washington" (and of Map of Suburban Washington, on a scale of all standard maps published by The Society), by writ one inch to a mile. ing to the National Geographic Society. Washington The Pocket Map of Central Washington 6, I). C. Prices, in United States and Possessions, 5C0 each on paper; $1 on linen. Outside United States extends from American University on the and Possessions. 7. 5 on paper; $1.25 on linen. All northwest to the Franciscan Monastery on remittances payable in U. S. funds. Postage prepaid.