National Geographic : 1948 Dec
U.S.Army Air Forces, Official Skeleton Chimneys, Leaking Boats, and Blocks of Ashes Remind Osaka That B-29's and Carrier Planes Passed over Its Waterfront Industrial Osaka, home of 3,250,000, was Japan's second city. In four major raids, Superforts dropped nearly 11,000tons ofbombs, destroying half the city. Carrier planes pin-pointed targets. After peace, American war prisoners were quartered in the New Osaka Hotel; Osakanslived inshacks, grew vegetables inthe ruins.