National Geographic : 1949 Oct
The National Geographic Magazine National Geograph To Lace Snowshoe Frames, a Montagnais I His tribe and the related Naskapi were skillful at snowshoes in three or four forms for different purpos some long and narrow, some flat, some with upturne 480). On Pointe Bleue Reservation, Quebec, this pro in summer the equipment he will need to work his tr; miles to the north. When they travel, the Kutchin use a sled made of two runners with both ends turned up. On these is constructed a built-up plat form. The sleds are drawn by the women, since dogs are not used for this purpose. The lot of the women was harder than among most other Indian tribes. In addition to hauling the heavy loads when moving camp, the woman had to retrieve game killed by the male hunters and bring it to camp. She dried the meat in summer, made all clothing, dressed skins, repaired snowshoes, and performed virtually all of the camp drudgery. When a new camp - ... was selected, the men, arriving first, awaited the coming of the women with the lodges and camp parapher nalia and then lounged around while the women set up the : .camp. Women were beaten by their husbands for disobedience. Strangely enough, all the cooking was done by men. The men always ate first, selecting the choicest items for themselves and throwing what was left on the ground for the women. In early days moth ers frequently killed female children to spare them the hard ships of a woman's life. Although game was abundant at times, there were often pe riods of want and fam ine. Old people, sick or no longer able to care for themselves, were frequently aban doned by their families in the wilderness. SIPhotograler Iloell Walker The Kutchin used a Uses Moose Hide peculiar type of cradle this handicraft, making in the form of a leg es, some almost round, less chair with a back d toes (pages 478 and vident Indian prepares rest, in which babies ap line several hundred were carried in a sit ting position (page 479). Most of the northern tribes did not use a cradle but substituted the moss bag, a simple skin sack with a lining of moss which could be changed frequently. This practical de vice was adopted by the wives of many of the white traders who lived in the north woods (page 477). Chiefs Had Little Real Authority Among all Athapascan groups, political or ganization was loose. One early explorer said of them: "The authority of the chief is lim ited, for the Indians are very unruly and not at all disposed to submit to authority.