National Geographic : 2010 Jan
0mi 5 0km 5 JURONG PORT SINGAPORE SINGAPORE Singapore Strait Selat Pandan Singapore Strait Selat Pandan Selat Pandan Jurong Island Pulau Tekong WATER PIPELINE CHANGI AIRPORT BUKIT TIMAH NATURE RESERVE537 ft 164 m Changi Village (U.K.) DOWNTOWN To Malay Peninsula 1 mi (1.6 km) To Malay Peninsula 0.6 mi (1 km) 1957 POPULATION: 1,445,900 2000 POPULATION: 3,253,209 The 1950s The 1980s The 2000s 1980 POPULATION: 2,413,900 MALAYSIA INDONESIA Malay Peninsula SUMATRA SINGAPORE Jakarta 0° 110°E South China Sea THE MASTER'S PLAN Starting in 1965, as slums teemed with the jobless, island leader Lee Kuan Yew (below) crafted plans that reshaped the economy and even the land itself (maps, right). His ideas continue to drive Singapore's endless transformation. VIRGINIA W. MASON, NG STAFF SOURCE: RODOLPHE DE KONINCK, JULIE DROLET, AND MARC GIRARD, SINGAPORE, AN ATLAS OF PERPETUAL TERRITORIAL TRANSFORMATION, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE Residents crowded into ethnic enclaves around the port. The island was largely dependent on water piped in from the mainland. Inland public housing estates---and new roads---dispersed the popula- tion. Industrial parks and offshore oil facilities sped development. Aggressive landfill has expanded Singapore's buildable land by 25 percent since its founding. Reser- voirs largely meet water demands. Population 1 dot equals 500 persons Reservoir Expressway/road Landfill Future expansion Agricultural Developed/industrial Park or green space POPULATION INCLUDES CITIZENS AND PERMANENT RESIDENTS.