National Geographic : 2010 Jun
LEGACIES OF INEQUALITY Provinces with the largest portions of former homelands, which were mainly rural and underdeveloped, have the highest share of poverty. MAP: MARTIN GAMACHE, NGM STAFF. GRAPHICS: JOHN TOMANIO AND MARGUERITE B. HUNSIKER, NGM STAFF MAP SOURCE: AGRICULTURAL GEO REFERENCED INFORMATION SYSTEM, SOUTH AFRICA. GRAPHICS SOURCES: NATIONAL INCOME DYNAMICS STUDY, UNIVERSITY OF CAPE TOWN POVERTY ; DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS 2009, REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA; STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA; SOUTH AFRICAN POLICE SERVICE AND FBI CRIME ; UNAIDS HIV/AIDS PROGRESS IN AN UPHILL CLIMB Among the achievements are improved housing and access to clean water---even if it's a shared neighborhood tap---and economic programs that have helped double the black middle class. CRITICAL SOCIAL PROBLEMS Violent crime, including one of the world's highest incidences of rape, and the world's greatest number of HIV/AIDS cases compound the economic challenges. Northern Cape Share of population 21% Share of poverty 14% 18% 11% 15% 11% 7.4% 7% 5.9% 2.3% 21% 28% Share of poverty and population By province, 2008 1996 Subsidized housing completed or in progress 1.5 3 million units 2009 92% 1996 62% Share of households with access to clean water 1998 2006 Black middle class as percentage of total middle class Violent crime Per 100,000 people Rape Of females, reported, 2007 76 Murder 2008 37 30 U.S. 5 29% 21% 11% 5% Unemployment Within racial group, 2009 2. Nigeria, 2.6 million 8% 7% 3. India, 2.4 million 1. South Africa, 5.7 million HIV/AIDS Top three countries, 2007 68% Rest of world 22.3 million PERCENTAGES DO NOT EQUAL 100 BECAUSE OF ROUNDING.