National Geographic : 2010 Oct
1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 1960 1919* 1947 1953 1958 Flo dies Pom joins Mitumba community. Flossi joins Mitumba community. Melissa dies 1949 1949 Pom disappears Passion dies Male Female Alive Dead Unknown Alpha male Furaha Fundi Familia Fadhila Infant Pom Prof Pax Pan Infant Infant Genie Google Goblin Gremlin Stillborn infant Gimble & Gyre Groucho Getty Infant Galahad Gaia Golden & Glitter Gimli Gizmo Infant twins Godot Stillborn infant Flint Fanni Faben Figan Fifi Flame Freud Frodo Flossi Faustino Ferdinand Fred Fudge Flirt Fax Falidi Flower Fansi Forest Passion Flo Melissa FAMILY TIES Three matriarchs in the Kasekela community became key personalities in the study of chimp reproduction, nurturing, and social behavior. Family lines are traced through the mothers, since paternity was uncertain before DNA testing. High-ranking Flo was an attentive, playful mother. She lived an estimated 53 years, one of the longest lives recorded at Gombe. Strong relation- ships with her children helped Melissa maintain her social ranking. Gombe's top matriarch, Fifi has the most offspring: seven of nine surviving. Gombe's largest chimp on record, 121-pound Frodo has sired the most offspring: eight. Only set of Gombe twins to survive to adulthood. Eaten by Passion, Pom, and Prof. Fifi, last of the original chimps in the study, disap- pears with her daughter Furaha. Passion and her daughter, Pom, killed and ate at least four infants. Her son Flint, despondent, dies three weeks later. Has attempted infanticide. Gremlin steals her new- born grandson Godot, possibly to protect him from Fanni, but he dies months later. Fanni and her mother, Fifi, try to kill infant Gaia, but Gremlin protects her. A callous and indifferent mother, Passion's unusual behavior took a violent turn. Goblin became an alpha male, one of 11 the Kasekela community has had since 1960. *Birth dates before 1960 are estimates.