National Geographic : 2010 Nov
unchecked in the dry. " is is one of the largest intact savannas in Africa," he said. He tipped down in the direction of a herd of white-eared kob, streaming north by the thou- sands. Some species have almost disappeared--- there may be as few as seven zebras, devastated by hunting---but in the shadow of the plane, a lioness stalked gazelles. Elephant tracks, disks of mud, marched toward the horizon. We landed on a dirt airstrip at Nyat, near the Ethiopian border, where village chiefs had gathered to hear about plans for wildlife conser- vation. Elkan delivered a revelation: e govern- ment of southern Sudan has banned hunting. An elder raised his hand. "What about food?" There's a big difference, Elkan replied, be- tween a man who leaves his hut in the morning with a spear in his hand---as men have done here for thousands of years---and a hunter spraying bullets from an automatic rifle. Or the com- mercial hunters coming down from the north to poach game. Rangers may overlook subsis- tence hunting outside the protected lands, which include the main wildlife migration corridors, Elkan said. But commercial hunting must stop. WCS and the U.S. government are now work- ing with southern Sudan's government to create a special area spanning some 77,000 square miles. It will encompass two national parks, a wildlife reserve, oil concessions, and community lands. If well managed and secure, Elkan explained, this huge region, so full of wildlife, will draw tourists, creating jobs and revenue. He urged them to spread the word. e chiefs nodded. Southern Sudanese had fought a long, bloody war to win independence. Now the animals---their fellow survivors--- deserved a peace of their own. j 0mi 100 0km 100 White Nile W hite Nile Sudd SOUTHERN SUDAN Approximate north-south boundary of Sudan BOMA N.P. BADINGILO N.P. SOUTHERN N.P. ZERAF RESERVE BOMA- JONGLEI CONSERVATION LANDSCAPE Yambio Aweil Kapoeta Akobo Bor Pibor Post Nyat Rumbek Wau Malakal Bentiu Juba ETHIOPIA KENYA UGANDA DEM. REP. OF THE CONGO CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC SUDAN Boundary claimed by Sudan Administered by Kenya, conflicting claims by Sudan and Ethiopia 30°E 10°N AFRICA SUDAN AREA ENLARGED Abundant Animals, High Risk National park Wildlife reserve Wetland Observed poaching NGM MAPS; INTERNATIONAL MAPPING SOURCE: WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETY Migration routes Tiang, white-eared kob Mongalla gazelle, reedbuck Dry season Wet Nov. to Apr. May to Oct.