National Geographic : 1930 Mar
Photograph by Peruvian Naval Air Force, courtesy Capt. H.B.Grow PIZARRO FOUND THE INCAS ENTRENCHED IN THE FORTRESS OF PARAMONGA Had the Spanish leader not captured their king, Atahualpa, at Cajamarca and put him to death, thusdemoralizing their entire army, theIndians might have held this stronghold on the coast of Peru, about 100 miles north of Lima, as the crow flies. Itspainted walls, which stand intact to-day, were thick and had withstood an assault by the conqueror's brother, Hernando. Most of the chiefs, however, surrendered without ashow ofresistance, after the downfall of their ruler.