National Geographic : 1930 Aug
THE CONQUEST OF ANTARCTICA BY AIR ©N.Y.T.&St.L.P.D. PRESSURE RIDGES IMPOSED MANY WEARY MILES OF DETOUR Wind and water, exerting their Titanic forces on the bay ice, cause buckling ridges, which sometimes assume the proportions of young mountains. Such obstacles often reared themselves across the trail and entailed arduous detours. were frozen and thus held their shape. Man pemmican is made of ground beef, squeezed dry and then mixed with fat. Dog pemmican has meal mixed with it. The sledges were beautiful examples of Norse craftsmanship. Three of them were single-ended Norwegian army sledges, lightened by cutting away the superfluous wood and relashed with rawhide. One of these was sent to me by Amundsen, who had used it in the Antarctic. Three other fine ones were made by Balchen and Strom, who cut them out of ash and hickory. Gould and his men had hard going. To make time they arose at 6 o'clock in the morning and traveled until 9 at night. Most of the time, as Gould radioed, "We have been too tired after a long day's trek to turn hand generator of radio to tell you much about it." The men had to travel on skis practically all the way. The skis were life-savers; without them the men could not have crossed the countless crevasses, holes and haycocks. Skis distribute the weight and slide over the thin roof of a crevasse where a man in boots would fall through. Many a Polar traveler has been lost for the want of a ski or a snowshoe. Heavy, blinding snow and a Io-mile wind continued during the last week of the struggle toward the foot of Queen Maud Range. PLANES ARE TUNED FOR POLAR FLIGHT The geological party had no sooner left camp than we began tuning our planes for our flight to the South Pole. We had been getting them in condition for many weeks. Our Ford plane, the Floyd Bennett, was hauled out of its hole in the snow, its center engine roaring, men heaving on the rope fastened to the skis, the thick wing lifting slowly over the snow until it stood perched on the top like some prehistoric bird of this lost continent. It was desperately cold for such work 50 below, some days. At times the men could not work with gloves. They covered their hands with grease, yet they burned and blistered from handling metal tools.