National Geographic : 1931 Sep
NEW HAMPSHIRE, THE GRANITE STATE The Merrimack, however, like Old Man River, keeps rolling along; and so do the other streams which New Hampshire originates and which have so greatly en riched New England. The Kennebec alone, of all the great rivers of this section, escapes New Hampshire paternity. The Connecticut, the Androscoggin, the Saco these, with the Merrimack, make the great quartet to which the four States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Vermont, and Connecticut owe so much. Vermont may be a trifle unenthusiastic about this, because, when that State was set up, its boundary was fixed at the west ern bank of the Connecticut instead of in midstream, as is customary. For a time this arrangement was wholly satisfactory, because it meant that New Hampshire had to bear all the cost of the bridges; but with the development of the hydroelectric in dustry and the harnessing of the Connecti cut to its demands came an interesting problem of the taxation of the gigantic works which were installed, and the two States are now in court for a delimitation of frontiers which will settle the question. THE EPISODE OF THE INDIAN STREAM REPUBLIC We of New Hampshire are resisting our neighbor as vigorously as she resisted us more than 150 years ago. That was one of the two singular and picturesque epi sodes of like nature which relieve the rather stern panorama of our history. The royal governors of New Hampshire had the urge to enlarge the borders of their phylacteries, and one of the two Went worths who ruled us in days just prior to the Revolution issued township grants in profusion and on both sides of the Con necticut. The story of the New Hampshire grants is an interesting one; but I am not now writing a history. Many a worthy figured in it, the redoubtable Ethan Allen the most conspicuous. With him was a leading member of the Dartmouth faculty, and among them they attempted to set up a new State. They succeeded; but when they sought to incorporate into it some fifty towns of New Hampshire, that was "too mutch"; there was Federal interven tion, and both Vermont and New Hamp shire withdrew within their present fron tiers. NATURE ETCHES A GIANT STONE FACE This remarkable profile likeness to a human face projects from the ledges on the upper cliffs of Profile Mountain, in Franconia Notch. The height from chin to forehead is 40 feet. Known also as "The Old Man of the Mountain," this scenic feature is a State park.