National Geographic : 1932 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE WASHINGTON'S CHAIN 79 Hancock7 OF FORTS 7 Hmc This map shows the loca- Cumberland r Berkee pr tion of the 21 frontier forts ' FtM o stone recommended by George |s Washington to keep the Indi- > apt As by) Martins rg ans out of Virginia. Some V o R ser e ort a of the forts had been erected/ Fno previous to Washington's sur- o Ro ey \ vey of 1756 (see page 31). Others were erected as a re- o Mtstorm sult of that visit, while four< ste were never constructed. By a search of old records, FtPleasant the National Geographic So- Moorefield ciety has definitely fixed 39 Petersbu 39 Forts Mayo, Blackwater, and Fte nce William, which have not hith erto appeared on any modern / map. The Society's research UpperSettim tF _ disclosed that the "Fort at UpperTr c ' Dickensons" in Washington's do o/ 1 plan is identical with Fort p posed Fran Young, and not to be con- For perryvlle fused with a Fort Dickinson on Cowpasture Rive r, 31 miles distant; and that Wash- osedFort ionburg Culpep ington's "Fort at Cocke's" was on Patterson Creek and onterey not at Friend Cox's, at the mouth of the Little Cacapon Trimb 9 e (see map, page 36). Capt CstysFort Federal Highway numbers -'- (Capt.C tan) State Highway numbers .. -. - s 28s _8 0 Staunton STATUTE MILES Mountas i ,,f i die 79 LONGITUDEWEST OF GREENWICH 78 grgve' Varm Springs 38 's Drawn by A. II . Bumstead and J. M. Darley SCdp r3ken SeF~~rt he and his wife drove to Williamsburg and S, Cifton ^ participated in the social life there; fre S Covington Forge Lexingto quently he visited his plantations on the S Cap o nsnsort - Bullskin; sometimes he joined his cronies \ posed brt at Berkeley Springs. Nws N os LOCATING SOLDIERS' BOUNTY LANDS S uchaa It was not until 1770 that he again ven a/ Ftm a tured far afield, going to Fort Pitt and J° ' down the Ohio to locate lands for himself Satem ) Fort and his comrades of the French and Indian s toanoke War, to whom the House of Burgesses had oc granted 200,000 acres. This land had been Fsws se promised the veterans under a proclama staS atS a'r tion of 1754, but the promise was not put 2 US into shape for execution until 1769. Wash 37 -i t Ttoprt 37 ington was desirous of seeing Virginia re g .Y 0 ts deem its pledge to the men of his old c ommand, as well as of getting lands for himself. CaptGallowaysFort On October 5 he set off "to the Ohio in tsvie company with Doctr. Craik, his Servant, stuart a Dan 1 and two of mine with a lead Horse with •trNfs rt e Baggage." v_IRGINIA (Ft ayo) t __ Wv agae' NORTH CAROLINA - - - Going by way of Fort Cocke, which he S--says was seven miles west of Romney; G.