National Geographic : 1934 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE rnotograpn oy w uneim i ooen MODERN RADIO TOWERS TOP 300-YEAR-OLD PEAK FORT From the commanding heights above Funchal frowns Forte do Sao Joao do Pico, built by the Spaniards during their occupancy. Below its weathered battlements wind narrow streets bordered by walled gardens and houses with old-fashioned balconies and shuttered windows. by the heat. To-day some Madeira wines are mellowed by being kept for weeks in heated vats at a fixed temperature and are later fortified. A recent decree prohibits the exportation of wine until it is five years old. Madeira is a small island, little more than 30 miles in length and less than half this in width; but it is so mountainous, so gashed by deep gorges and guarded by gigantic headlands, that access is difficult to certain of its sun-kissed coastal villages, cool, mist-enveloped uplands, and deep, fern-hung canyons. Motor busses, which connect the villages on the paved highways, have made a marked change in the manner of life and outlook of the country people. Long ac customed to perilous descents afoot or by sled, they show no fear as the heavily laden bus sways around sharp curves, skirts precipitous cliffs, and lumbers down some of the steepest grades with which a car is called upon to cope. One of the 'most interesting motor trips to be made from Funchal takes us up the serpentine road back of the town to the summit of the mountains. We linger at the 500-year-old church of Nossa Senhora do Monte, on a hill crest above the city. It shelters the tomb of the exiled Karl, Emperor of Austria-Hungary, who, until his death, twelve years ago, lived with his family on an estate near by.