National Geographic : 1935 Jan
EUROPEAN OUTPOST: THE AZORES main diet of the peas ant consists of soup of cabbages, beans and potatoes, white corn bread, and fish. Pork and beef are only for special occasions, such as religious holidays. In the Ponta Delgada market 60 small fish sell for two and a half cents; a pound of green peas for less than two cents. A fresh live lob ster, which is only for the well-to-do, costs 25 cents. The Government has established in Ponta Delgada, Angra do Heroismo, and Horta, capitals of the three districts of the archi pelago, modern stations of animal husbandry and agriculture. AZORES LINKED WITH NEW WORLD HISTORY After a month on Sao Miguel we made the circuit of the seven islands to the north west. Sailing at 9 in the evening, we an chored at dawn in the NEW WO little harbor of Angra do Heroismo, on the Still worn in the *.d ithe light acacia woc island of Terceira. varies from two to e This attractive, historic the clogs are trimme old town, hemmed in by green hills, nestles at the head of an oval bay (see Plate VI). From the first, Terceira (third island to be discovered) has been the home of ex plorers and warriors. In 1474 half of the island was given by the Crown to Joao Vaz Corte-Real as a reward for his voyage to Terra Nova dos Bacalhaus (New Land of Codfish: Newfoundland), the first Euro pean except the Vikings, so the Portuguese affirm, to set foot on New World soil. I saw the house Corte-Real built and the church where he lies. In the same church is the tomb of Paulo da Gama, second in command on the first voyage to India, who fell ill on the way home and was put ashore Photograph by Harriet Chalmers Adams )DEN SHOES, BUT NOT FOR HIMSELF country districts, the crude footgear is made from od which abounds here on Sao Miguel. The price ight escudos (10 to 40 cents), depending on whether *d with canvas or leather. here, while his brother, Vasco,* sailed on to Lisbon to receive the highest honors his King could bestow. Other brave mariners sailed from Ter ceira to the Far West, one of whom is credited in Portuguese annals with the dis covery of Labrador. Although some historians question the voyages of the father, two sons of Corte Real, Gaspar and Miguel, are known to have sailed from Angra do Heroismo, but they did not return. In the Town Hall I was shown a sealed box presented to the city by Prof. Edmund B. Delabarre, of Brown Uni * See "The Pathfinder of the East," in the NA TIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE for November, 1927.