National Geographic : 1935 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photograph by Ewing Galloway THIS GREEN MEADOW WAS DRENCHED WITH SAXON BLOOD IN 1066 The cavalry of William the Conqueror retreated across Hastings battlefield, luring the Saxon infantry down from their vantage point on Senlac hill. Then the invaders surrounded and slaughtered them. According to tragic legend, Editha of the Swan Neck, wife of King Harold, wandered through the bloodstained grass after the battle until she came upon the body of her husband. Falling on the corpse, she prayed to the victor for permission to bury it, which he granted (see illustrations, page 72 and page 79). legions made to link the fortified points along this "chain of majestic mountains." We drop again into the valley at Lewes, the county town, with its massive Norman castle and narrow streets, which are the scenes of annual revelry. Lewes is quiet and homely, with little hurry and bustle except on market days, but on November 5 it takes on an entirely different aspect and emerges as a bacchante robed in fire and flame. Half a dozen bonfire societies flour ish in the town and on the great day they combine for a carnival in which the prin cipal figure is Guy Fawkes. So at nightfall, after weeks of prepara tion, the mighty procession forms, the figures to be executed are arrayed with much ceremony, the "Lord Bishop" ap pointed delivers his sermon with eloquence and force, the sentences are passed, and the procession proceeds on its way to the burn ing place, where an immense bonfire is in full blast. There more eloquence follows and the effigies are duly sacrificed. THE SPARKS OF THE "ROUSER" With them is burnt the effigy of anyone who is in the public eye at the moment as a miscreant. Jack the Ripper, President Kruger, and the Kaiser, each in his time has been thrown into the fire amid tre mendous cheers and loud detonations from the Lewes "rouser," a firework peculiar to the town.