National Geographic : 1935 Jul
PENN'S LAND OF MODERN MIRACLES bucolic countrymen when he added the lowly sucker to the list of fishes propagated by his bureau. Speaking of the matter for the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, he said: "Pennsylvania still has a lot of old-fash ioned folk who find pleasure and recreation in sitting on the meadowed bank of a coun try creek, by a sucker hole. Give them a crony or two and their favorite pipe, and to them 'happy days are here again' as the suckers toy with the angleworms on their hooks and pull their corks under the surface. They pay just as much for their fun as the fellows who go after the gamy trout of the mountain stream or the sportive bass in the quieter waters." The Commission maintains a fishing school at Spring Creek, in Centre County, during the trout season, where experienced wardens give lessons in casting (see Plate II). Barbless hooks are used. All but two fish caught must be put back and those two must be at least ten inches long. This is the rule for men. Special pools are set apart for the ladies, and they get an advantage of the rule in the length of the fish they may take and also in the number. Pennsylvania is a "kingdom of contrasts" where the motorist can epitomize many aspects of the scenic beauty of America, and get a cross section of much of the life of the Nation. KIPLING SINGS THE STATE'S VARIETY After visiting the sixty-seven counties which constitute "Penn's Woods," trod the streets of all its teeming cities, gazed on its noble mountains, sauntered through all its glorious highland valleys, motored along all its fine rivers, traveled through its dense, young forests, inspected its finest farming areas, and studied its amazing industries, it becomes easy to understand how Kipling, after a transcontinental trip, could write: "They are there, there, with earth immortal (Citizens, I give you friendly warning); The things that truly last when men and time have passed, They are all in Pennsylvania this morning." From the heart of Market Street in Phila delphia to the famous "Point" in Pittsburgh and Logstown down the Ohio; from Easton and Bethlehem to Newcastle and Sharon; from busy Chester on the Delaware to thriv ing Erie on the Lake; from Matamoras, farthest east community, to Greene, the southwesternmost county; the historic, the eye-delighting, and the industrial are bound together in every prospect. Where the commerce of Philadelphia throbs, William Penn lived; Benjamin Franklin wrought and philosophized; the Declaration of Independence had its birth; and the Federal Constitution was created.* Where Braddock fought and was fatally wounded now lives a teeming population, and hard by are some of the principal in dustrial plants of the world. The Edgar Thompson Steel Mills, the Westinghouse Electric, and scores of others stand on ground that was within earshot of the fateful battle; and it is stated that a heavier ton nage moves within twelve miles of Brad dock's Field than in any other area of its size.t COAL, ORE, AND STEEL The coal that comes down the Monon gahela; the ore that moves from the Great Lakes; the iron and steel fabricated in the Pittsburgh District's scores of mighty plants; all the commodities bound east and west and north and south by rail and river -all these, the most concentrated tonnage in the world, pass by or within a dozen miles of the spot where the hostile savage turned back the English forces. On the Ohio between Economy and Baden, where Dam No. 4 stretches across the river, is the vast plant of the Byers Company, manufacturers of wrought iron. In front of the plant offices is a marker which proclaims the site of Logstown, where George Washington, carrying the greatest "message to Garcia" of all our history, ne gotiated and bargained with the Half King and his confreres for an escort to Fort Le Boeuf. Across the bridge, a stone's throw down the highway, is a smaller marker proclaim ing the site where Gen. Anthony Wayne had his winter camp during his campaign against the Indians of the upper Ohio. In sight across the river is the factory studded area where Queen Aliquippa had her cornfields. Here where Indian conferences created tribal agreements and wampum belts sealed bargains between redskin and paleface, giant furnaces and mills now mix slag and purified iron and produce more than half of the Nation's wrought-iron pipe. * See "The Historic City of Brotherly Love," by John Oliver La Gorce, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, December, 1932. t See "The Travels of George Washington," by William Joseph Showalter, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, January, 1932.