National Geographic : 1936 Jun
THE SOCIETY'S NE' THE million member families of the National Geographic Society this month are given opportunity to be come better acquainted with Canada, vast next-door neighbor of the United States.* With its more remote sections mapped more fully than ever before through aerial surveys, the Dominion of Canada, 1936 model, is revealed to members in a ten-color wall map prepared in The Society's Carto graphic Section and distributed with the June number of their GEOGRAPHIC MAGA ZINE. The new map is the latest in a notable series which has included Europe, Asia, Africa, the World, the North and South Polar regions, the Caribbean area, and the United States. With the United States map and the Caribbean map (which in cluded Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies), the Canada map completes the up-to-date picture of North America. MILLIONS GO "NEXT DOOR" ON VACATION Each year a mighty army of motorists from the United States, riding in more than three million automobiles, streams across the unfortified 3,986-mile International Boundary into friendly Canada on vaca tion. For these The Society's new map, on wall or desk or in a pocket of the car, will provide an accurate and comprehen sive guide. Sportsmen planning a hunting or fishing trip in the forests of Canada; statesmen pondering problems of a St. Lawrence waterway which would enable big Atlantic Ocean ships to steam into the Great Lakes and load in the middle of the continent; students of history, geography, foreign trade-all these and countless others will find innumerable uses for this map. Among those to whom it should prove especially useful are the 40,656 National Geographic Society members who live in Canada. The map contains many new details, in cluding the peaks in the St. Elias Range near the Alaskan border, discovered by The Society's 1935 expedition led by Bradford * Members wishing additional copies of the new Canada Map may obtain them, by writing The National Geographic Society's Washington, D. C., headquarters, at 50 cents, paper (unfolded); 75 cents, mounted on linen. t See "Flying Around the North Atlantic," by Anne Morrow Lindbergh, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, September, 1934. W MAP OF CANADA Washburn, and named for King George V and Queen Mary in honor of their Silver Jubilee (pages 715 and 733). Canadian Government officials have supplied much valuable information. Changes in the outlines of northern lakes, Arctic islands, and parts of the Hudson Bay and Baffin Island regions, some already in corporated in The Society's World Map issued last December, are shown here on a larger scale. These northlands are nesting grounds of many wild fowl often heard flying high and fast over American cities in spring or fall. For long the breeding grounds of the blue goose were a mystery. Then Mr. J. Dewey Soper discovered them on Baffin Island. The place is indicated on the new map by the name he has given it-Blue Goose Prairie. On this single sheet, a little more than three feet long and two feet wide, are shown in clear, up-to-date detail not only Canada and Newfoundland but also a good sized portion of Alaska and a broad strip across the United States as far south as Trenton, New Jersey; Chicago; and Fresno, California. Three insets supplement the main map. The first shows the varied natural resources of northern America, the time zones from Iceland to Asia, and the routes or attain ments of the chief northern explorers, from Davis in 1585 to Lindbergh in Green land in 1933. Two small insets, covering nearly all of the continent, picture the temperature range, precipitation, and main geological features of Canada, Alaska, and the United States. BRITISH LION'S SHARE OF CONTINENT With its 3,848,000 square miles, British North America is larger than the United States and Alaska, or the United States and Mexico combined. But all this is not Canada. Newfound land, where John Cabot made his landfall in 1497, is a separate colony of the British Empire, and to it belongs Labrador, a 110,000-square-mile slice of the mainland. As shown on old maps, Newfoundland's Labrador was just a narrow coastal strip, but the 1927 boundary decision defined the line as following the height of land between the Atlantic Ocean and Hudson Bay, thus giving Labrador an area about equal to that of the State of Nevada.