National Geographic : 1937 Jul
ON GOES WISCONSIN rnotograpn Dy rreat. nortn IN A BIG VAT CHEESE CURDS BEGIN TO SEPARATE FROM THE WHEY Young immigrants from Glarus, Switzerland, to New Glarus, Wisconsin, in 1845, did not begin cheese making at once, as they disliked the constant drudgery. But when chinch bugs ruined their crops, they turned with high success to the arts of their fathers (Plate V). has a wonderful pageant of people to show against its green and friendly landscapes. And what these people have left behind, or build and do in our own time, is full of meaning. What of the Indians? Of all the Wis consin tribes about 12,900 individuals re main. At Baraboo we can pace off one of their ancient, mysterious, ceremonial earth works, the famed Man Mound, 150 feet long and nearly 50 feet broad at the shoul ders. In Milwaukee's museum we can ex amine specimens of delicate, graceful, and incised pottery from the earthwork of Azta lan, near Watertown. Many of the various names the Indians left behind are full of mystery. Nobody is sure what "Wisconsin" means, for ex ample, because the word has been corrupted from the very beginning. What of the French? Wisconsin's his tory has been called "the Americanization of a French settlement." Never really numerous in any established, rooted group, the French blended with, and vanished into, the Wisconsin we know. Poetic place names keep their memory fresh, however, and ro mantic stories, touched with the light of other days. PIONEER INFLUENCE STRONG Then, the Old Americans! The State is crammed with reminders of those energetic pioneers. Hartford, West Salem, Lan caster; Brown Deer, Spring Green, Beaver Dam-such were the familiar or plain chosen names they added to the map. It was New Yorkers, whose ancestors had brought the art of cheese making from England's Cheddar Gorge, who established that most characteristic of Wisconsin in dustries. And oh, the rich stories, of pioneer, lum berjack, stagecoach, and river boat! The descendants of those vigorous people have brought balance and a backbone of Ameri can humor and ways of thought to the Wis consin we know.