National Geographic : 1938 Feb
240 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE rnotograpn oy Marin lnamo j. OLDEST CITY IN SOUTH AMERICA IS CUZCO, PERU, ANCIENT CAPITAL OF THE INCAS Its name signifies "navel," emphasizing its central and dominating position. Today this city of 30,000 is a glamorous blend of old and new. Indians with llamas and burros plod past Inca walls and venerable Spanish churches-while radio loud-speakers flanking the plaza blare "Rolling Down to Rio." This square, seen from the belfry of San Crist6bal Church, was larger in days of Inca splendor. The 17th-century Spanish Cathedral is just out of the picture to the left, and the structure at the far end of the square was the Church of the Company of Jesus, being now part of the University of Cuzco.