National Geographic : 1938 Feb
l INational ijeograpnic society rinlay Photograph byW.Robert Moore TERRACED ON ELEVEN HILLS ABOVE HER FAMED BLUE BAY, TILE-ROOFED LISBON ISEUROPE'S WESTERNMOST CAPITAL Toward the historic water front, oarsmen row a fishing boat with the sloping lateen sail of an Arab dhow. Steamers lieatmodern docks along the river where, in 1499, crowds welcomed Vasco da Gama, returning from his discovery of the sea route toIndia. From this port, in1588, Spain's Armada sailed to England and destruction. During Portugal's golden age, in the 16th century, Lisbon flourishedasthe metropolis ofavast empire inAfrica, Asia, and South America. Today, with Angola, Mozambique, and other possessions, the small country still ranks high among colonial powers.