National Geographic : 1938 May
Photograph byGilbert Grosvenor TENSE FACES, LAUGHING FACES-INDIAN, SPANISH, YANKEE FACES STARE AT AGLISTENING AIR LINER Symbolizing the polyglot pageant of New Mexico's history, children of several racial stocks examine a big plane just landed atHachita. First invaders ofthis desert territory were Spaniards looking for the fabled Seven Golden Cities of Cibola, in the mid-sixteenth century. Graduallythe white man overran the vast region formerly partitioned among Indian tribes-Apaches, Pueblos, and Navajos. Opening of the Santa Fe Trail brought fleets of prairie schooners from the Mississippi Valley. Today, with a total population less than that of Washington, D. C., New Mexico still preserves the culture and traditions of the three principal races that have shaped its past.