National Geographic : 1938 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Ph IN HAGERSTOWN A GERMAN SOLDIER GU Before the Revolution, a Hessian tinsmith named H weather vane for the Town Hall. The figure is tha size of a boy, with ruffles at the neck and sleeves. A 75 years ago, put a bullet through the iron soldier's h Little Heiskell to a dry place in the City Hall, while duction, built by a modern craftsman, tops the cup no materials, so Richmond women were asked for their last few silk dresses. "I was a little girl," one old lady said. "We had become so poor. I still had a silk Sunday dress, covered with pretty flowers. Giving them that, I cried. They sewed dresses into a big balloon, and varnished it. It looked queer with all the colors!" The balloon ascended with Confederate observers. Despite its patchwork camou flage, Yankees shot it down. A piece of its patterned material is in the Smithsonian Institution, in Washington, D. C. The Tredegar Iron Works, once the arsenal of the Confed eracy, is operated $ % -by the family of ' General Joseph S: : R. Anderson, its ,: Civil War time owner. "WE ARMORED THE MERRI MACK" "We still make shells for our Government," the present iron master said, "and we think this is the last water power iron mill Sof its kind in the United States. "Before we armored the wooden Merri mack, Confeder ate authorities thought three one-inch plates would be enough. When experimen tal projectiles pierced them, we rolled two-inch plates, and bolted otograph by WillardR. Culver four inches of ARDS "OLD GLORY" iron totheship." * Ieiskell chiseled a sheet-iron The brief, ef atof a Hessian soldier, the fective career of Confederate sharpshooter, the Confederate eart. Recently rust retired ironclad tested a a new and unscarred repro olaabove the building, principle that changed world navies. She sank two wooden Union ves sels; then the Monitor engaged her, and shot bounced harmlessly from both. Some gunners believed the Merrimack's guns could be loaded with gravel that would foul the Monitor's revolving turret, but the ships did not meet again. A few old men in gray linger in rocking chairs on an almost empty veranda of the * See "Ships, from Dugouts to Dreadnoughts," by Capt. Dudley W. Knox, and the accompanying 16 etchings of ships by Norman Wilkinson, NA TIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, January, 1938.