National Geographic : 1938 Oct
AUGUSTUS-EMPEROR AND ARCHITECT Photograph by Bernard F. Rogers, Jr. BELOW A WEATHERWORN BRIDGE, TIBER FISHERMEN PLY THEIR DIP NET The ancient Flaminian Way, connecting Rome with routes leading to central and western Europe, spanned the Tiber River on a bridge upon whose crumbling foundations the Ponte Milvio was erected more than a century before Christ. Gaius Flaminius, for whom the road was named, crossed the river here with an army on his way to engage Hannibal, the Carthaginian general, and to meet disaster and death at the Battle of Lake Trasimene. Of the structure as it stands today, only the four central arches are antique. Rome has been unsurpassed and whose aspiration to give eternity to the Seven Hills has been the inspiration of his latter-day followers. IN A CORNER OF AUGUSTUS' REALM THE KING OF KINGS WAS BORN The reign of Augustus was the turning point of Roman history; in fact, we might say it was the turning point of all history, for during his reign Christ was born in Bethlehem of Judea and from then on we mark all annals as B.C., before Christ, or as A. D., Anno Domini, in the year of our Lord. In the old Roman Martyrology, which from time immemorial has been read on each revolving December 24 as an an- nouncement of the morrow's great feast, we have the following solemn proclamation: In the year, from the creation of the world, when in the beginning God created heaven and earth, five thousand, one hundred and ninety-nine; from the flood, two thousand, nine hundred and fifty-seven; from the birth of Abraham, two thousand and fifteen; from Moses and the coming of the Israelites out of Egypt, one thousand, five hundred and ten; from the anointing of King David, one thou sand and thirty-two; in the sixty-fifth week, according to the prophecy of Daniel; in the one hundred and ninety-fourth Olympiad, in the year seven hundred and fifty-two from the founding of the city of Rome; in the forty-second year of the empire of Octavian Augustus, when the whole earth was at peace, in the sixth age of the world, there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that the whole world should be enrolled.