National Geographic : 1939 Oct
THE SOCIETY'S NEW MAP OF CENTRAL EUROPE AND THE MEDITERRANEAN EVER-CHANGING Europe-source of New World peoples and par liaments, printing and poetry, and much of our praying and planting-is de lineated again in a timely map supplement distributed to members of the National Geographic Society with this issue of their Magazine.* Because of the time necessary for print ing more than a million copies of the map, the press run started on August 28. Should there be any changes of boundaries or names, these alterations will be made dur ing the press run. Such a change was made during the printing of the Map of Europe sent to members with their Magazine in April, 1938, when sovereignty over Austria was transferred to Germany. Whenever a European boundary is shifted, a people freed or encompassed by a new sovereignty, or a familiar place name altered, that is homeland news for Ameri cans, whether newly arrived or conscious of oft-told tales handed down through ances tral generations. The course of European settlement can be traced across North and South America in the homes of the inhabitants, in the words they speak, the books they read, the food they eat, the churches where they wor ship, the songs they sing. The Mediterranean, with all its 14,000 mile shoreline shown, was the cradle of navi gation, sea-borne commerce, and interna tional trade. From its peninsulas and islands came our laws, genius for organiza tion, much of our architecture, the impulse for exploration which found the rich lands we live in. NAMES RICH IN LORE AND SENTIMENT Therefore the new Map of Central Eu rope and the Mediterranean, 36/2 by 26/2 inches, with its 6,212 place names, not only is an accurate chart for wall framing or desk reference, but a rich volume for the association of events with places indelibly engraved by history and etched into our daily lives. * Members wishing additional copies of the map, "Central Europe and the Mediterranean," may ob tain them by writing the National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C . Prices, in United States and Possessions, 50' on paper (unfolded) ; 75¢ mounted on linen; INDEX, 25¢. Outside of U. S. and Possessions, 75¢ on paper; $1 on linen; index, 50¢. Postage prepaid. Waterloo, Versailles, and Austerlitz: Parisian, Viennese, Mediterranean-all have deep overtones of meaning that have spread far beyond their map locations. Mention the Niemen River and Tilsit, and a schoolboy will recall where Napoleon and Alexander I met on a raft to divide the world between them. Rouen and Domremy were immortalized by Joan of Arc, and Can nae by Hannibal's virtual annihilation of a Roman Army of 70,000 men. From there he sent back to Carthage a bushel of gold rings snatched from the fingers of Roman knights. At Lake Trasimene Hannibal ambushed his entire army, and destroyed most of the troops opposed to him. At Chalons-sur Marne, Attila, the "scourge of God," was defeated by the allied Romano-Goths; Ven ice was founded on lagoon islands by refu gees fleeing before the Huns. Ramsgate was landing place of St. Augus tine of Canterbury, who converted the Eng lish to Christianity, and another religious marker is Worms on the Rhine, famous for the Diet of 1521-and so the list might continue almost interminably. CHEESES, CATTLE, AND CHEMICALS Many places on the map have given names to articles in everyday use, and we are so familiar with these terms that we think seldom of their origin. We walk on Brussels carpet, order Brus sels sprouts from the grocer, and admire Brussels lace. A list of famous laces reads like a gazetteer: Alencon, Valenciennes, Chantilly, Venice, Mechlin, Antwerp, Binche, Cluny, Milan, Honiton, Lille, Arras, and Genoa. It is the same with names of wines: Bordeaux, Burgundy, Malaga, Champagne, Sauterne, Rhine, Moselle. And then there are such modifications as Port, after Porto, in Portugal; Sherry, for Jerez, in Spain, and Tokay, for Tokaj, in Hungary. A list of the Channel Islands suggests a program for a livestock show, what with Guernsey, Jersey, and Alderney. Connoisseurs of cheeses can find most of their favorites roving the map: Cheddar and Cheshire; Stilton, Gouda, Edam; Gorgon zola, Roquefort, Camembert, Neufchatel. Slightly changed are Parmesan, from Parma, in Italy: Gruyere from Gruyeres, Switzerland, and Limburger from Limbourg Province, Belgium.