National Geographic : 1900 Mar
GEOGRAPHIC MISCELLANEA tically revise the entire edition of coast charts, making them now about equal in value to those which would have resulted from a new survey. South of Bay Head the material changes are not great; but north of this point, where the details are too intricate for the methods pursued, a plane-table survey is recom mended for areas beyond the local maps. Many changes were noticed in the inlets, and they take place so rapidly that a good channel one year may become a mud flat, bare at low tide, the next. These conditions are particularly notice able at Absecon and Egg Harbor inlets. Where regular lines of steamers trav erse the waters just inside the entrance, the steamboat companies find it neces sary to locate the channel after nearly every heavy storm. The bars at the mouths of the inlets are all very shoal, few having more than three or four feet of water at low tide. AT the Sixth International Geographical Congress in 1895 the Geographical Society of Finland exhibited a number of charts and maps planned to repre sent the country and general condition of the people, many of the charts having been especially prepared for the occasion. Encouraged by the favorable recep tion accorded the maps, the society decided to add to the series and to publish the whole as an atlas of Finland. This atlas, which has recently been completed, contains a series of 32 large maps, from which an excellent comprehension of the present physical, economic, and social conditions of Finland may be ob tained. The following charts are especially valuable: A series of six meteoro logical charts showing the amount of rainfall and snowfall a year, the average temperature, the direction of winds, etc.; a series of five charts showing the proportion of rural and city population, the population by professions, whether of native or foreign origin, etc., and charts giving statistics of farm products, of metals, of exports and imports, of telegraphs and telephones, railways, etc. Perhaps the most striking chart is that which shows that more than 70 per cent of the population is not represented in the Diet, the National Assembly. A RECENT number of Petermann's Mitteilungen contains an interesting article, which by means of a two-colored map shows very clearly the proportions of the agricultural and industrial population of the German Empire. Green, which represents the agricultural sections, is the prevailing color in all parts of the empire except in Saxony and along the basin of the Rhine, where red, repre senting the industrial sections, predominates; in other words, the eastern part of the empire is agricultural, while a considerable part of the western section is industrial and commercial in its interests. As a consequence of the insufficient means of communication between the two sections, the articles manufactured in the east find abroad a more accessible market than in the western section; but the agricultural interests of the west, being handicapped by lack of outlet to the rest of the empire on the east and prohibited by excessive foreign duties from sending their produce to Russia and Austria, are in danger of being de stroyed; hence the scheme for a canal through the center of Germany, which is at present before the Reichstag and which has been personally advocated by the Emperor. The map shows that, while German commerce has developed within the last few years to such an extent as to arouse the anxiety of England, it is yet far from equaling the agricultural interests of the empire.