National Geographic : 1900 Apr
136 THE ANGLO-VENEZUELAN BOUNDARY DISPUTE zuela by which neither is at liberty to encroach upon or occupy territory claimed by both. This map, compiled from official sources and with an explicit state ment that it shows the Schomburgk line, was accepted as the official map of the colony. When the geologists, Sawkins and Brown, made a geological survey and map of the colony they carried their work to the boundary line shown on this map, and stopped there. In 1886 or 1887 another edition of this map appeared. There is nothing in its appearance, however, to indicate that it is a second or different edition ; the title is unchanged and the date is still 1875, as before; but the note as to the boundary has disappeared and in place of the old line a new boundary, differing materially from the old one, appears, a boundary which enlarges British Guiana and contracts Venezuela. The change, made at the instance of the government, may be regarded as a first publication of the line submitted by Schomburgk in 1840. It is, perhaps, needless to comment on the anger aroused in Venezuela by this publication, or to wonder at their designation of the caprichosa linea de Schomburgk. Early in the his tory of the United States Commission on the Venezuelan Boundary a piece of elastic was sent in bearing the printed words Schomburgk line. Thus much for Schomburgk and his line, of which little was said in the arguments of counsel for Venezuela at the arbitration. What ever temptations the story offered for unkind words, those tempta tions were resisted, and the arguments were maintained upon a plane commensurate with the great cause and the great tribunal designated to try it. Diplomatic Correspondence.-The story of the correspondence be tween the governments touching their boundary is too long and tangled for recital here. Suffice it to say that there were proposals and counter-proposals, all of which proved fruitless. No agreement was reached. Several times Venezuela proposed arbitration, and several times Great Britain refused arbitration. In October, 1886, the Brit ish Government inserted in the London Gazette a notice reciting that information had come that Venezuela had made grants of land in the disputed territory, and declaring that such grants would not be recognized. The notice continued as follows: "A map showing the boundary between British Guiana and Venezuela, claimed by Her Majesty's Government, can be seen in the library of the Co lonial Office, Downing Street, or at the office of the government secretary Georgetown, British Guiana."