National Geographic : 1900 Jun
THE U. S. SIGNAL CORPS IN PORTO RICO Through the courtesy of General A. W. Greely, Chief Signal Officer, U. S. Army, the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE is enabled to pub lish the accompanying outline map of Porto Rico, prepared by Major W. A. Glassford, Signal Officer, Department of Porto Rico. This map shows existing railroads, ports of entry, and the telegraphic, tele phonic, and heliographic systems of communication operated by the Signal Corps of the Army. RUSSIAN RAILWAYS The phenomenal growth of Russia in industry and trade during the last ten years is in large measure due to the gradual reorganiza tion and rapid extension of her railway lines. Until 1889 the gov ernment was compelled yearly to meet a heavy loss on all rail ways which it had guaranteed, but gradually separate roads have been purchased, agreements have been made with a few larger com panies, and new lines have been constructed by the government itself. As a result 60 per cent of Russian railways are now entirely in the hands of the state, and instead of showing a heavy deficit, yield a surplus. During 1899, 75,710,000 passengers were carried on Russian roads, which, with only a few gaps, run from the White to the Black Sea, and from the Baltic to the Yellow Sea. The rates of fare on Russian lines are the lowest in the world. Da H. S. PRITCHETT, who will assume the presidency of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the fall, will be succeeded as Superintendent of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey by Mr O. H. Tittmann. No man in the United States is better qualified by experience and ability than Mr Tittmann to be the head of this im portant scientific bureau. He entered the service in 1867, when a boy of seventeen, and has gradually won his way from the lowest to the highest grade.